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Grammar Reference Book

The Noun

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Some types of nouns

Masculine nouns ending in
Masculine nouns ending in -а, -я
Feminine nouns ending in
Generic nouns
Inderclinable neuter nouns

Plural number of nouns

Ending in
Ending in
Ending in -а, -я
Special cases
Names of animal's young in singular and plural

Declension of nouns

Genitive Case
Dative Case
Accusative Case
Instrumental Case
Prepositional Case

Use of prepositions together with cases

Summary table of noun endings in singular

Summary table of noun endings in plural

Nouns are words which call the object (names of things, persons, actions, conditions etc.) and answer the questions КТО ЭТО? ЧТО ЭТО? (Who is it? What is it?)


тетрадь,    карандаш,    море

девушка,    Анна,    Антон

бег,    плавание,    пение

сон,    жизнь,    болезнь

Nouns are divided into proper and nominal nouns.
Proper nouns call names and surnames of people, cities, villages, rivers etc.:


Менделеев,    Москва,    Волга

Nominal nouns are generalized names of homogeneous objects:


учёный,    город,    река

The majority of nouns refer to one of three genders:


дом, отец, трамвай, юноша, дядя, автомобиль


стена, земля, степь, линия, жизнь, церковь


село, поле, собрание, восстание, море, небо, знамя

Some nouns ending in -а (-я) make up a separate group and may be masculine or feminine. These are nouns of general gender:


умница, сирота, неженка, работяга, калека, выскочка

A small group of nouns refers to different forms of declension. These are neuter nouns ending in -мя: имя, знамя, время, пламя and masculine noun путь.

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